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Research Fundamentals Tutorial

The citation list

The details of citation are specific to the style you’re using and the type of source you’re citing. This module reviews the basic concepts of citing but not the details. For detailed citation information, try one of our citation tutorials

Below is a sample citation page. This is from a paper in APA style. As with an MLA Works Cited page, it comes at the very end of your research project.

Every outside source that was referenced, quoted, paraphrased, or summarized in this student's paper is listed on this page.

General items to include in a citation list

For every source you use, you should include a citation in a list at the end of your project. 

The rules of how to cite vary by style. APA (American Psychological Association) and MLA (Modern Language Association) are the most commonly used at the College.

Each citation style has its own rules for how to cite, and each style's rules change depending on the type of source that you're citing.

In general, every citation in your list should include the following types of information:

  • Author(s) name(s)
  • Title of source (i.e. reference entry, magazine article, book chapter, etc.)
  • Title of the larger publication (i.e. title of the Encyclopedia, magazine, book, etc.)
  • Date of publication

Additional information included depends on the type of source your citing. Additional information might include:

  • Volume, issue and page numbers for periodical articles.
  • D.O.I (Digital Object Identifier) for academic journal articles.
  • Page ranges for book chapters, reference entries.
  • Publishers for websites and books.
  • Publishers' geographic locations for books.
  • Names of the database you used.
  • Permalinks for items found in databases.
  • Web addresses for websites and other online material.
  • User names for online videos.

Getting more help

When you're ready to work on your citations for a specific research project, there is a lot available:

Many students feel overwhelmed by citations. If you're at all unsure, it's best to begin and end the process with librarian help.