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MLA Citations 9th Edition

How to cite sources using MLA 9 [Ninth edition, 2021].

Formatting Tips for the Works Cited List

  • Use a separate page at the end of your paper.
  • Continue the running head on the works cited page. 
  • Center the title, "Works Cited," or "Work Cited" an inch from the top of the page.
  • Double-space between the title and the first source in the list, and for the entire list.
  • No extra spaces should be included between lines. 
  • Use the same font and size as used throughout the rest of the paper.
  • Alphabetize all citations in the list by author's name.  If there is no author, alphabetize by the first word in the title (skip the words 'the'  'an' or 'a'.)
  • Please note punctuation for each part of an entry. Use this guide to check where commas, periods, and other punctuation are used or placed.
  • Use hanging indentation. You can set your word processing program to create it automatically for a group of sources.

Here is a video demonstrating how to format the works cited list:

Sample Works Cited List

Works Cited  

Anderson, Lee F. "Why Should American Education Be Globalized?” Theory Into Practice,

     vol. 21, no. 3, 1982, pp.155-161. Business Source Premier,

     edu/ login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=5200471&site=eds-live.

Carbone, Nick, "Shades Of Facebook." Time, vol. 180, no. 5, 30 July 2012, p. 99.


Dougherty, Conor. "For Online Sports Videos, the Action Is off the Field." New York Times,

     11 Sept.  2015, pp. B1+.  ProQuest,

“Italy” Philip's Encyclopedia. Philip's, 1st edition, 2008. Credo Reference,

Moore, Michael G., and Greg Kearsley. Distant Education: A Systems View. Thompson

      Wadsworth, 2005.

Tinker, Ben. “How to Make Better School Lunches.” CNN.  Turner Broadcasting, 23 Apr. 2015, 

United States Department of Labor. "Architects." Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2020-21, 2 June 2021,

United States Environmental Protection Agency. “The Causes of Climate Change.” Climate Change, 9 Aug.


“Unlucky Hedgehog Rescued From a Drain.” YouTube, uploaded by Wildlife Aid, 13 Sept.


Wollstonecraft, Mary. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Edited by Deidre Shauna Lynch, Norton Critical Edition, 3rd ed., W. W. Norton, 2009.

Additional Examples