What is a Database?

  • A research database is an organized collection of records for citations. Depending on the specific database, the citations come from newspapers, magazines, scholarly journals, technical reports, conference proceedings, book chapters and much more. 
  • Each record in a database is composed of information for a particular item (a book, an article).
  • Each record is composed of a set of fields, such as title, author, source, and subject headings.

Structure of a database record