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Chicago Citations

Here is how to cite sources using Chicago 17 [seventeenth edition, 2017].


  1. Create your Bibliography on a separate page at the end of your paper; continue it on as many pages as necessary. 

  2. Put the title, "Bibliography," at the top of the page.

  3. Alphabetize all citations in the list using the first word(s) of each citation.

  4. Begin each source entry flush with the left margin; if it runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin. This format is called a hanging indent. You can automatically create hanging indents in Word by:
    • Select (highlight) the citations you want this action to apply to.
    • On the Word ribbon located near the top of the screen go to the toolbar labeled "Paragraph."
    • Click the expand arrow in the lower left corner of the "Paragraph" toolbar.
    • In the "Paragraph" popup box that appears, under "Indentation" click on the drop down menu under "Special" and select "Hanging."
    • Click "OK" at the bottom of the "Paragraph" popup box.



Ali, Kazam. “On Instafame & Reading Rupi Kaur.” Harriet (blog). Poetry Foundation, October 23, 2017.

Blog post

brian_bilston. “you took the last bus home don't know how you got it through the door you're always doing amazing stuff like that time you caught a train.” Twitter, September 25, 2014.

Social media post using handle because real name unknown

Collier, Andrea King. “Nikki Giovanni: A Poetic Force.” Writer, October 2005. MasterFILE Premier.

Magazine article from a library database

Covert, John. William Carlos Williams. 1950. Graphite with watercolor on paper, 25.3 x 20.3cm. National Portrait Gallery.

Image from a website

Greer, Christina. “Celebrating Gwendolyn Brooks.” New York Amsterdam News, June 22, 2017. MasterFILE Premier. 

Newspaper article from a library database

Kohler, Michelle. "Ancient Brooch and Loaded Gun: Dickinson's Lively Objects." ESQ: A Journal of Nineteenth-Century American Literature and Culture 63, no. 2 (2017): 227-268. Project Muse.

Journal article from a library database

Kooser, Ted. The Poetry Home Repair Manual: Practical Advice for Beginning Poets. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.

Entire printed book 

Kraxenberger, Maria, Winfried Menninghaus, Anna Roth, and Mathias Scharinger. “Prosody-Based Sound-Emotion Associations in Poetry.” Frontiers in Psychology 9 (July 25 2018).

Journal article with multiple authors and no issue, using DOI as address

Lozada-Olivia, Melissa. My Spanish. Button Poetry, July 5, 2015. YouTube video, 3:36.

Video from a website

May, Jamaal. “Things That Break.” In The Best American Poetry 2017, edited by Natasha Trethewey, 83. New York: Scribner Poetry, 2017.

Chapter or other part of an edited printed book

NEA Office of Research & Analysis. U.S. Trends in Arts Attendance and Literary Reading: 2002-2017. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, 2018.

Booklet from a website with organization as author

Pardlo, Gregory. “Poet Gregory Pardlo Reflects On 'Ambition And Manhood In America’.” Interview by Terry Gross. Fresh Air, NPR, April 19, 2017. Audio, 36:58.

Audio from a website