Authors of works are individuals or groups who participated in its creation. Individuals and groups may appear together in a reference as authors of a work.
Individual names used in a reference generally appear in the formats "LastName, A. A." or "A. A. LastName" depending on location in the reference. For example, "Obama, B. H." or "B. H. Obama."
Group authors can be businesses, government agencies, associations, non-profit organizations, task forces, hospitals, and study groups. In a reference full group names are spelled out. For example, "Delaware County Community College" rather than "DCCC."
Authors in specialized roles such as editors, directors, and so on are identified as such. For example, a director as author would appear as "Anderson, W. W. (Director)."
Article titles in reference citations appear in "sentence case." This means that as with a sentence, most words are lowercase. Words capitalized are:
Publication (source) titles in reference citations appear in "title case." This means that most words are capitalized, but:
Publication titles are also italicized.
Author last name, Initial(s). (Publication YYYY). Article title: Article subtitle. Journal Name, volume #(issue #), starting page #-ending page #. DOI, OR if no DOI and it is online and not from a library database, URL
One Author; Library Database With no DOI:
Herriage, T. (2020). Nursing care of the child with cancer during intravenous pentamidine infusions. Pediatric Nursing, 46(2), 61–91.
One Author; Print With DOI:
Park, E. S. (2019). Examining community college students’ progression through the English as a second language sequence. Community College Review, 47(4), 406–433. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091552119867467
Two Authors; Website With DOI:
Cer, E., & Sahin, E. (2017). The effects of quality books for children and the metacognitive strategy on students' self esteem levels. Journal of Education and Learning, 6(1), 72-80. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v6n1p72
Multiple Authors (20 or Less); Library Database With DOI:
Simmons, L. D., Taylor, L. C., Anderson, K., & Neely-Barnes, S. L. (2018). Comparative experiences of first- and continuing-generation social work students. Journal of Social Work Education, 54(3), 480–491. https://doi.org/10.1080/10437797.2018.1434436
NOTE: when there are two to 20 authors use an "&" before the last authors name
Multiple Authors (21 or More); Library Database With DOI:
Ershov, N. I., Mordvinov, V. A., Prokhortchouk, E. B., Pakharukova, M. Y., Gunbin, K. V., Ustyantsev, K., Genaev, M. A., Blinov, A. G., Mazur, A., Boulygina, E., Tsygankova, S., Khrameeva, E., Chekanov, N., Fan, G., Xiao, A., Zhang, H., Xu, X., Yang, H., Solovyev, V.,…Skryabin, K. G. (2019). New insights from Opisthorchis felineus genome: update on genomics of the epidemiologically important liver flukes. BMC Genomics, 20(1), 399. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-5752-8
NOTE: When there are 21 or more authors list 19 followed by "..." and then the final authors name.
Author last name, Initials. (Publication YYYY, month name, DD OR YYYY, month name). Article title: Subtitle of the article. Magazine Name, volume(issue #), page range. DOI, OR if no DOI and it is online and not from a library database, URL
Year, Month Name, and Day; No Volume, Issue, or Page #; Online with URL:
Tufekci, Z. (2019, February 18). The imperfect truth about finding facts in a world of fakes: It used to make sense to believe something until it was debunked; now, it makes sense to assume certain claims are fake—unless they are verified. Wired. https://www.wired.com/story/zeynep-tufekci-facts-fake-news-verification/
Year and Month Name; Issue Only; Page Numbers; Print and No DOI:
Hudak, J. (2019, December). Country’s surprise superstar. Rolling Stone, (1334), 19-21.
Author last name, Initial(s). (Publication YYYY, month name, DD or YYYY, month name). Article title: Subtitle of the article. Newspaper OR Blog Name, page range. URL of the article if not from a library database
Newspaper - Year, Month Name, and Day; Page #; Print:
Jones, C. (2020, February 18). Pier 1 files for bankruptcy protection. USA Today, 2B.
Newspaper - Year, Month Name, and Day; Website With URL:
Schwartz, J. (2019, November 21). A wet year causes farm woes far beyond the floodplains. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/21/climate/farms-climate-change-crops.html
Blog - Year, Month Name, and Day; Website With URL:
Riccaboni, N. (2019, July 3). Custom learning tools: Nursing hacks # 15. Nurse Nacole. http://www.nursenacole.com/search/label/Nursing%20Hacks