Citing Images (including photographs, maps, data & works of art)

Format for graphic images, paintings, sculptures and other visual materials in APA.

ArtistLastName, First initial.  (year). Title of work  [format]. City & State or Country: Location where artwork is located.


An actual Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph [not a reproduction or digital image]

Toulouse-Lautrec, H. (1886-1887).  A Montrouge--Rosa La Rouge [painting] . Philadelphia PA : The Barnes Foundation, 

Hopper, E..  (1943). Summertime. 1943 [painting]. Wilmington, DE:  Delaware Art Museum.

Rodin, A. (1891) . Balzac in a Frock Coat, Leaning against a Pile of Books[sculpture]   Philadelphia PA : Rodin Museum.

Model, L. (1934).  Woman in Deck Chair, French Riviera [photograph].  Los Angeles, CA : J.Paul Getty Museum.

NOTE:   If a work does not have a title, use the word Untitled, do not put it in italics because it is not the actual title of the work.  Example:

Cornell, J. (1942-5). Untitled [collage].  Philadelphia, PA:  Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Reproductions (in a book or other print source) of an actual painting, sculpture, photograph or other work of art:

Just cite the book. If necessary, the page number on which the painting is reproduced can be included in the in-text citation (see examples below). The date of the painting is irrelevant to this citation. The reference exists to lead the reader to the source used (the book), not to provide information about the contents of the source (the painting).


A reproduction of Cornell Capa's 1939 photograph called Savoy Ballroom, Harlem that appears on page 139 in the book

Posing Beauty: African American Images from the 1890's to the Present by Deborah Willis, should be cited this way on the References page:

Willis, D. (2009). Posing Beauty: African American Images from the 1890's to the Present. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 2009.

An in-text citation to this same image should look like this:

Photographs of African-American nightlife in Harlem in the 1930's revealed a unique fashion style for men (Willis, 2009, p.139).

or this:

Deborah Willis gives examples of the unique fashion style of African American men who frequented Harlem nightclubs in the 1930's (p. 139).

For Images Found using Google Images

If an image was found using Google Images, do not cite Google Images. Instead, click on the picture to get to the website that is hosting the picture and use the information from the website that is hosting the picture.


An image of a van Gogh painting from the website of museum where it "lives":

Van Gogh, V. (1889). The Bedroom [painting]. Chicago, IL: Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved from

Picture of a  JFK campaign button found using Google images that was part of an online biography of Kennedy:

Button from John F. Kennedy’s 1960 U.S. presidential campaign [digital image]. Manchester, W. (2015). John F. Kennedy, President of the United States.  Retrieved from

For Digital Images found on websites

Even if  the image was located using Google images, do not cite Google images. Go the the website hosting the image.  List the name of the image if it is captioned, the format [photograph, digital image, illustration, etc.] followed by the article or document it is featured in and the URL of the website.


Photograph of the Royal Theater in Philadelphia contained in a web article:

After 47 Years of Vacancy and Neglect, the Wrecking Ball Has Come for the Royal Theater [photograph]. Bixler, M. (24 Feb. 2017). "A royal loss on South Street." Hidden City Philadelphia.  Retrieved from

For Digital Images from digital image collections on the web

If using an image from a digital collection online,  such as Getty Images or Magnum Photos, use the following format:

Last name, Initials. (date). Title of the digital image [format].  Website name in italics.   Retrieved from URL of the image.


Kovac, M. (2009). ADL Los Angeles Dinner Honoring Steven Spielberg - Ceremony [photograph]. Retrieved from

Drake, C. (2016). Portia Smith, Laramie, WY, USA 2016 [photograph]. Retrieved from

For Graphic data such as maps or tables found on the web

When citing a map, data table or chart from the web, give the name of the researching organization followed by the date. In brackets, provide either the caption on the data OR a brief explanation of what type of data is there, in what form it appears.  Then provide the project name or title of the page on which it appears in italics and "Retrieved from" URL information.


A map on a government website containing data:

United States Centers for Disease Control. (2017). [map of Laboratory-confirmed Zika virus disease cases reported to ArboNET by state or territory (as of April 12, 2017)].  Maps of Zika in the United States. Retrieved from

A data graph appearing in a report on a research center website:

Ipsos Public Affairs. (2016). [Graph illustration of growth in  America of yoga from 2008 to 2016].  Yoga in America study. Retrieved from