Citing Images ( including photographs & paintings)

An actual Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph [not a reproduction or digital image]

Provide the artist's name, the title of the artwork in italics, the date(s) of composition, and the medium of the piece. Finally, provide the name of the institution that houses the artwork followed by the location of the institution (if the location is not listed in the name of the institution, e.g. the Philadelphia Museum of Art does not need Philadelphia added as the location, since it is in the title). Examples:

Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de.  A Montrouge--Rosa La Rouge. 1886-1887, oil on canvas, The Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia PA.

Hopper, Edward. Summertime. 1943, oil on canvas, Delaware Art Museum.

Rodin, Auguste. Balzac in a Frock Coat, Leaning against a Pile of Books. 1891, plaster, Rodin Museum, Philadelphia PA.

Model, Lisette. Woman in Deck Chair, French Riviera. 1934, gelatin silver print,  J.Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA.

NOTE:  If a work does not have a title, use the word Untitled, but do not put it in italics because it is not the actual title of the work.  Example:

Cornell, Joseph. Untitled. 1942-53, collage, Philadelphia Museum of Art. 

Photographic Reproductions of an Actual Painting, Sculpture, Photograph or other Work of Art (e.g. images of artwork in a book)

Treat the book or website as a container. Remember that for a second container, the title is listed first, before the contributors.  Cite the art object as above followed by the information for the source in which the artwork appears, including page or reference numbers (plate, figure, etc.).  If the medium or other information is not given in the source, provide whatever information is presented with the artwork.  

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, Museo del Prado, Madrid. Gardener's Art Through the Ages, 10th ed., by Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner, Harcourt Brace, p. 939.

Capa, Cornell. Savoy Ballroom, Harlem.  1939, Magnum Photos.  Posing Beauty: African American Images from the 1890's to the Present,  by Deborah Willis, W.W. Norton, 2009, p. 139.

Digital Images on Websites

For images found on websites use the following format:

Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Digital Image.” Title of the Website, First name, Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.

Bixler, Michael. "After 47 Years of Vacancy and Neglect, the Wrecking Ball Has Come for the Royal Theater." Hidden City Philadelphia,

Digital Images in Databases

If using a database of images, such as Getty Images, use the following format:

Artist/creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Digital Image.” Title of the database where the image was found, First name, Last name of any other contributors (if applicable),  Version (if applicable), Any numbers associated with the image (if applicable), Publisher of the image,  Date the image was created, URL [without the http or https] or location of the image.

Kovac, Michael. "ADL Los Angeles Dinner Honoring Steven Spielberg - Ceremony.", WireImage Collection #94243258, Getty Images,2009,

Drake, Carolyn. "Portia Smith, Laramie, WY, USA 2016.", No.11485751,Magnum Photos, 2016,

Images Found using Google Images

If the picture was found using Google Images, do not cite Google Images as the publisher.  Instead, click on the picture to get to the website that is hosting the picture and use the information from the website that is hosting the picture.